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2014高三英语试卷下册

来源:教师站 作者:佚名 2014/7/27 0:01:37

    试卷摘要: n track" means "take people to______.”A. famous galleries                        B. traditional sightsC.unusualplaces  

2014高三英语试卷下册

高三英语试卷下册第一节完形填空(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从1~15各题所给的A、B、C和D项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

How can you tell if someone's lying? The answer is, they're probably not.

Traditional economics says that people are _1    human beings who will lie if it's to their advantage. A recent university study has shown that, actually, we're pretty _ 2   --especially when we're  at home.

Researchers in Germany   3    people at home and asked them to toss(投掷) a coin. There was a strong    4    incentive(刺激) to lie about the result: if the coin landed tails-up, the participants  would receive money, while if the coin landed heads-up, they would get nothing. Because they were  on the phone, they knew there was no     5 _ of getting caught ifthey lied.

And yet people told the     6    . Over hundreds of tosses, a coin will land tails-up about 50% of the time. In this    7    0ver halfthe people asked (55.6%) said that the coin landed heads-up, which meant they would receive nothing.

Previous studies had found that people were more    8   . In those laboratory studies, 75% of people reported a - 9   coin and asked for a reward. So the research team thinks it's being in our own homes that makes us play fair, although it's not yet clear why.

In fact both types of study show people are surprisingly    10   . Even in the laboratory, 25% of people    11    a reward by telling the truth. The researchers say this is because honesty is    12  valued in human society.We care about our    13    and our sense of ourselves as decent(体面的) people. So lying has a psychological   14   and it seems this cost is more important than the

financialbenefits of   15   .

l.A.poor            B.kind             C.generous          D.reasonable

2.A. honest          B. strict            C. calm             D. afraid

3.A.visited          B.saw              C.phoned           D.caught

4. A. mental         B. financial         C. technical          D. educational

5.A.idea             B.need            C.evidence           D.risk

6.A.difference        B.truth             C.story             D.secret

7.A.case             B.interview         C.speech            D.study

8. A. faithful         B. grateful          C. disappointed       D. dishonest

9.A.missing          B.losing            C.winning           D.shining

l0.A.reliable          B.greedy            C.brave             D.wealthy

ll.A.received          B.refused            C.won              D.required

12.A.highly    

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