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高三英语试题:高三英语模拟题阅读理解四

来源:教师站 作者:佚名 2014/9/28 0:11:10

    试卷摘要: for stressful exchanges among familymembers.But there may be ways to control the spillover,according to Chesley.Empoyers, she said,could look at their policies on contacting employees after hours t

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高三英语试题:高三英语模拟题阅读理解四

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The round-the-clock(24小时不断的)availability that cell phone have brought to people’s lives may be taking a toll on family life,a new study suggests.The study,which followed more than 1,300 adults over 2 years, found that those who consistently used a mobile phone throughout the study period were more likely to report negative “spillover’’ between work and home life—and,in turn, less satisfaction with their family life.

Spillover essentially(本质上)means that the line between work and home begins to become unclear.Work life may invade home life when a.parent is taking job—related calIs at home,for instance--or family issues may start to take up work time.For example,a child may call mom at work,telling her "microwave exploded” explained Noelle Chesley,an assistant professor of sociology at the University of Wisconsin—Milwaukee and the author of the study. The problem with cell phones seems to be that they are allowing for ever more spillover between work and home. ‘

This may be especially true for working women,the study found. Among men,consistent use of mobile phones seemed to allow more work issues to creep (潜入)into family time.But for women,the spillover tended to go in both directions being “connected” meant that work cut into home time,and family issues came:into work life.

Cell phones seem to be opening more lines for stressful exchanges among family

members.But there may be ways to control the spillover,according to Chesley.Empoyers, she said,could look at their policies on contacting employees after hours to make sure their expectations are “reasonable”.For their part,employees could decide that cell phones go off during family time, Chesley said.

56.What does the underlined phrase “taking a toll on’’probably mean in Paragraph 1?

A. Explaining. B. Protecting. C. Extending D. Damaging.

57.What is the purpose of offering the example “microwave exploded” in Paragraph 2?

A.To show the microwave is of poor quality.

B.To indicate how dependent the child is.

C.To indicate family issues affect work hours.

D.To show work time creeps into family life

58.As a result of negative“spillover”,people will feel _____.

A.1ess satisfied with their family life.

B.1ess satisfied with their work.

C.angry with their troublesome children·

D.unwilling to get married at an early age.

59.According to Chesley,what is the best solution to the problem caused by cell

phones?

A.Refuse to use cell phones.

B。Separate work hours from family time.

C.Ignore coming calls during family time.

D.Encourage women to stay at home.

60.We can learn from the passage that

A.spillover makes the line between work and home unclear

B.cell phones seem to be convenient to families

C.cell phones affect men as much as women

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